Acetic Acid


Concentrated acetic acid, also known as ethanoic acid or methane carboxylic acid, is the active ingredient in vinegar, effective in multiple cooking and cleaning applications. It is used as a buffer in chemical reactions and solutions including protic solvents.


  • Other Names: Ethanoic Acid
  • CAS No.: 64-19-7
  • EC No: 200-580-7
  • Formula: C2H4O2
  • Molar mass: 60.05 g mol?
  • Density: 1.049g/cm3
  • Melting Point: 16.5 oC
  • Boiling point: 118.1 oC


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Concentrated Acetic Acid is a useful chemical for industries from food manufacturing to health care. Known as a weaker organic chemical, acetic acid properties are well suited for countless applications.

We are a leading Ethanoic acid supplier with pure acetic acid, food-grade, and more. We stand apart from the competition in this industry because we are one of the top suppliers which give you smart, economical options for whatever your industrial purpose.

Read on to learn more about Ethanoic acid uses and why Chemical Consulting Network should be your first stop.

Acetic acid which is also known as methane carboxylic acid and ethanoic acid is basically a clear, colorless liquid, which has a strong and pungent smell. Since it has a carbon atom in its chemical formula, it is an organic compound and it comes with a chemical formula CH3COOH. Interestingly, the word ‘acetic’ is derived from a Latin word called ‘acetum’ meaning ‘vinegar’. Vinegar is the dilute form of acetic acid and is the most common chemical substance among people. This chemical is a main component of vinegar and also gives vinegar its characteristic smell.

Moving on, when acetic acid or ethanoic acid is undiluted it is termed glacial acetic acid. It is a weak acid but when it is in concentrated form, this acid is corrosive and can cause some damage to the skin.

Important and Popular Uses

There are many uses of acetic acid. So, in addition to being treated just as a food preservative (vinegar), the acid is used in many areas and instances. Some top and important uses include:

  • Industrial Use
  • Medicinal Uses
  • Household
  • Food Industry

We will be discussing some of it below:

Industrial Use

This chemical is used in many industrial processes for the production of substrates and it is often used as a chemical reagent for the production of a number of chemical compounds like acetic anhydride, ester, vinyl acetate monomer, vinegar, and many other polymeric materials. It is also used to purify organic compounds as it can be used as a solvent for recrystallization.

Medical Use

It has a lot of uses in the medical field. The most important use here is that it can be used as an antiseptic against pseudomonas, enterococci, streptococci, staphylococci, and others. It is also used in cervical cancer screening and for the treatment of infections. Further, it is used as an agent to lyse red blood cells before white blood cells are examined. Vinegar has also been said to reduce high concentrations of blood sugar.

Food Industry

In the food industry, This chemical finds its use most commonly in commercial pickling operations, and in condiments like mayonnaise, mustard, and ketchup. It is also used for seasoning various food items like salads etc. Additionally, vinegar can react with alkaline ingredients like baking soda and when that happens it produces a gas that helps to make baked goods become puffier.

Household Uses

This chemical which is a dilute solution is used extensively as vinegar. And as we are familiar, vinegar is widely used for cleaning, laundry, cooking, and many other household uses. Farmers usually spray acetic acid on livestock silage to counter bacterial and fungal growth.

Apart from these, it is used for the manufacture of inks and dyes and it is also used in making perfumes. It is also involved in the manufacturing of rubber and plastic industries.

These are some popular uses of this chemical. To know more about this chemical and other chemistry topics you can keep visiting BYJU or download our app for interesting content and learning experience.

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